Using wp_get_environment_type() to Code for Different Environments

Have you ever found yourself in a situation where you needed to have unicorn riding space-cats appear only in your Local environment?

Yeah me too.

What’s the Problem?

When doing web development, you likely have found yourself in a situation where you wanted to have only certain things happening in certain environments.

For example, if you use Stripe on your website, you probably only want users to be charged when running in the production environment. When working on the staging, development, or Local environments, wouldn’t it be nice to use Stripe’s test data instead of real customer’s credit cards?

What about emails? When fiddling with a new mail sending feature, wouldn’t it be great to have all emails within the development environment go to your email as opposed to the end-user’s email?

There’s likely many other situations where you want only certain things happening in certain environments. Until recently, if you wanted that functionality, you had to create it on your own, and many popular plugins have implemented their own solutions:

It’s certainly clever how some of these solutions are implemented (See the code on Github for: jetpack and wp-rocket), but ultimately it’s hard to share solutions when there isn’t one agreed-upon standard and every developer is having to re-invent the wheel.

Improvements to WordPress Core

With the release of WordPress 5.5, WP Core now includes the ability for developers to define a site’s environment type.

In particular, this release provides us with the wp_get_environment_type() function which returns one of four values:

  • production – this is the default. A site that is running live, connected to the internet and reachable on the internet.
  • staging – this is what you would use for staging environments, probably both connected to and reachable on the internet.
  • development – this is what you would use for development environments that are reachable on the internet, we automatically enable WP_DEBUG on environments where this is the environment type.
  • local – added in 5.5.1, this (usually development) environment can reach the internet but is not be reachable from the internet.


Development is Easier with Local

This sort of clarity from WordPress core is awesome and allows plugin authors and site developers to have clear expectations about what capabilities an environment has!

Many plugins and development tools still need to be updated to make use of this functionality, but the most recent version of Local has all the configuration you need to program things only for local environments!

To get started:

  1. Make sure you have the latest version of Local from the Releases page.
  2. Ensure that the version of WordPress Core is at least 5.5
  3. Add your custom code!

Using the above space-cat example, you can hook into the wp_head action and output inline styles like this:

add_action('wp_head', 'local_space_cat');
function local_space_cat() {
    // Other possible values: 'production' 'staging' 'development'
	if ( 'local' === wp_get_environment_type() ) { ?>
			body {
				background-image: url('space-cat-riding-unicorn.jpeg');
	<?php }


There’s no need for you to add any other configuration to get this working in Local. Other remote environments may require adjustments to the wp-config.php file to return the correct value.

If you’re curious, under the hood, Local is pre-pending the WP_ENVIRONMENT_TYPE constant and setting it to local so that you don’t have to.

How to change the WP_ENVIRONMENT_TYPE of a Local site

It’s great that Local, Flywheel, and WP Engine handle that configuration for you so that you can focus on making things, but what if you need to debug an issue where you need the Local site to think it’s a different environment type?

What if you need to troubleshoot something that only shows up because of the WP_ENVIRONMENT_TYPE constant is set to production?

In Local’s case, the WP_ENVIRONMENT_TYPE constant is set by pre-pending a PHP file before anything else is run. This file is called local-bootstrap.php and is used by all Local sites to help configure the environment as well as add additional features.

Because of the way in which this value is set, any attempt to change that value within the wp-config.php file for a site won’t work and you’ll need to take some extra steps to get this to work.

This local-bootstrap.php file is bundled within Local and included wherever Local is installed on your OS:






A screenshot of the location of the local-bootstrap.php file on MacOS.

Knowing where that file is located is great and gives you a way to change the value for all Local sites. But remember, you probably only want to temporarily edit that global local-bootstrap.php file, especially when using a value like production.

The reason for this is is that depending on the plugins that are in use, there might be unintended consequences, for example having certain “production” actions run on your Local machine.

Imagine an Ecommerce plugin that only processes payments in production. Unless there are other settings preventing the user from being charged, the Local site might end up directing a payment processor to charge the end-users which may mean multiple charges!